Sab'a-al Mathani - The seven verses of Al-Fatiha.
Sabahah - An exclamation of or an appeal for help.
As-Sab'ah - The seven compilers of Adadith
S.A.W. - Sallallahu 'Alaihe wa Sallam.
Sa'dan - A thorny plant suitable for grazing animals.
Sa'y - Moving seven times between the mountains of As-Safa and Al-Marwah in Mecca during Hajj and Umrah.
Sadaqah - Anything given away in charity for the pleasure of Allah.
Safa and Marwah - Two mountains at Mecca neighboring Al Masjid-al-Haram.
Sahihan - Two books of hadiths compiled by Imam Bukhari and Muslim.
Sahur - Meal eaten before Fajr, for a person who is fasting.
Sahw - Prostration to recompense forgetting a required act of Salah.
Sajdah - Prostration. The act of prostration, particularly in the Salaat.
Sakinah - Tranquility, or calmness.
Salab - Belongings of a deceased warrior.
Salah - Prayers
Salat al-Janaza - Funeral prayer.
Sami Allahu liman hamidah - Allah hears him who praises him.
Samur - A tree.
Sariyyah - A small army sent by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in which he did not personally take part.
As-Saum - Fasting
Sha'ban - The eighth month of the Islamic calendar.
Shahadah - Testimony of faith.
Shawwal - The tenth month of the Islamic calendar.
Shighar - A type of marriage in which persons exchange their daughters or sisters in marriage without a mahr.
Shiqaq - Difference between husband and wife or any two persons.
Shirk - Consists of associating anyone or anything with the Creator either in His being, or attributes, or in the exclusive rights (such as worship).
Shuf'ah - Pre-emption.
Siddiq and Siddiqun - Those followers of the Prophets (pbut) who were first and foremost to believe in them.
Sidr - Lote tree.
Sidrat al-Muntaha - "The lote-tree of the furthest limit." A tree over the seventh Heaven near Paradise, the place where form ends and beyond which no created being may pass.
As-Sihah - The sixth book of Ahadith: compiled by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa'i, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah.
As-Sirat - 'A road' it also means the bridge that will be laid across hell-fire for the people to pass over on the day of judgment.
As-Sittah - The six compilers of Adadith Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nasa'i, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah.
Subhan Allah - "Glory be to Allah."
Subhana wa Ta'ala - "May He be Glorified and Exalted."
Sundas - A kind of silk cloth.
Sunnah - The way of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Surah - A chapter of the Quran.
Sutrah - An object like a pillar, wall or stick, a spear. To act as a barrier between you and others during prayer.